top of page

Carrying the World in Style: A Journey Through the Epic History of Handbags

Updated: Aug 30, 2023

Images showing handbags from history
Photo credit Vintage dancer

Ah, the delightful handbag - a stylish companion that has stood the test of time, carrying more than just our essentials but also a rich history of innovation and fashion. Join me, dear readers, as we embark on a journey through the ages to unravel the captivating evolution of the handbag, along with the glamorous figures who have made their mark in the world of handbag design and fashion.

A Humble Pouch to Start it All

In a world untouched by modern conveniences, our resourceful ancestors faced the daily challenge of transporting essential items. Picture a group of early humans, skilfully hunting mammoths to secure their survival. With each successful hunt, they found themselves with a bounty of meat, skins, and bones, but the question remained - how to carry it all?

As they roamed the vast landscapes, our ingenious ancestors noticed something intriguing - certain leaves and animal skins were more durable and resilient than others. Recognising their potential, they devised a clever solution to their carrying conundrum. They gathered these sturdy materials and began fashioning simple pouches.

Using primitive tools made from stones and bones, they skilfully stitched and weaved the animal skins together, creating pouches of varying sizes. These pouches served as the earliest form of containers, allowing them to carry not only food but also useful objects like seeds, medicinal herbs, and even their cave art creations.

The pouches were ingeniously designed with a drawstring or a strap, allowing them to be worn around the waist or slung over the shoulder. This ingenious hands-free carrying method revolutionised their daily lives, freeing up their hands to engage in more tasks - from hunting and gathering to crafting tools and shelters.

These pouches, simple as they were, also played a role in social interactions. They quickly became a way for individuals to showcase their crafting skills and creative flair. Just like today's fashionistas who adore flaunting their latest designer handbags, our ancient ancestors took pride in the beauty and functionality of their handmade pouches.

As the millennia passed, the art of pouch-making evolved along with the advancement of civilisation. New materials and techniques were discovered, and the designs became more intricate. In some ancient cultures, such as those in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, pouches were crafted with decorative patterns and symbols representing various aspects of life, spirituality, and cultural beliefs.

The concept of the handbag transcended geographical boundaries, with similar innovations appearing in different parts of the world, from Africa to Asia and the Americas. Each culture added its unique touch to the evolution of handbags, reflecting their distinctive traditions and aesthetics.

Little did our prehistoric ancestors know that their ingenious solution to a basic problem would shape the course of human history and pave the way for the fashion-forward accessories we adore today. From those humble pouches made of animal skins and leaves emerged a timeless and iconic accessory - the handbag - a true testament to human ingenuity and creativity throughout the ages.

Medieval Elegance - When Handbags Became Fashion Statements

As the Middle Ages dawned, handbags underwent a remarkable transformation, transcending their utilitarian origins to become symbols of opulence, status, and artistic expression. Skilled artisans honed their craft to create exquisite purses that were nothing short of masterpieces. These luxurious accessories were meticulously crafted from the finest materials like shimmering silk, sumptuous velvet, and supple leather, often embellished with intricate embroidery, dazzling gemstones, and delicate metalwork.

Handbags of the Middle Ages were not mere accessories; they held profound cultural significance. Among the noble classes, these purses took on an added layer of meaning as tokens of affection and courtship. During romantic gatherings and courtly events, gallant knights would present these beautifully adorned purses as gestures of admiration and love to the noble ladies they sought to woo. These exchanges became highly ritualised, with each purse conveying not just affection but also chivalry and social status.

The act of gifting a handbag became an art form in itself, with the choice of materials, colours, and embellishments carefully selected to match the recipient's tastes and societal standing. The intricate craftsmanship and luxurious materials used in these purses demonstrated the generosity and refinement of the giver while also celebrating the sophistication and charm of the recipient.

Moreover, the intricacy of the purse designs often conveyed allegorical or romantic themes, inspired by classical mythology or popular courtly tales of the time. A handbag adorned with symbols of love, loyalty, or virtues became a subtle and sophisticated way for a knight to express his feelings without overt declarations.

As fashion trends evolved throughout the Middle Ages, handbags continued to be symbols of elegance and distinction. They were cherished heirlooms passed down through generations, treasured not just for their beauty but also for the memories and emotions they held. These handbags became tangible links to a bygone era of chivalry, romance, and artistic splendour.

In this way, handbags of the Middle Ages transcended their practical purpose, becoming cherished possessions that reflected the culture, refinement, and complexities of the time. The legacy of these beautifully crafted accessories endures in the modern world, reminding us that fashion has always been a means of self-expression, even during the enchanting days of knights and noble ladies.

Renaissance and Beyond - The Artistic Renaissance of Handbags

With the advent of the Renaissance, a tidal wave of cultural creativity swept across Europe, leaving its indelible mark on art, literature, and fashion. Handbags, too, rode the wave of this cultural explosion, blossoming into true masterpieces of artistic expression. Artisans of the time embraced their newfound freedom to explore creativity, transforming handbags into exquisite canvases adorned with intricate patterns and motifs.

Inspired by the revival of classical art and literature, handbag designs embraced the grandeur of ancient mythology and historical events. Mythical creatures like Pegasus and Medusa danced across the surface of these accessories, while scenes of epic battles and romantic escapades unfolded in elegant brushstrokes. The level of detail in these designs was awe-inspiring, showcasing the skill and dedication of the artisans who crafted them.

These handbags not only displayed artistic prowess but also acted as tangible reflections of the cultural depth and intellectual interests of their owners. Renaissance patrons, who prided themselves on their appreciation for the arts, saw their handbags as mobile galleries that announced their refined tastes and sophisticated sensibilities to the world.

Indeed, owning a Renaissance handbag was akin to carrying a piece of art wherever one went. It became a way for individuals to immerse themselves in the beauty and creativity of the time, as well as an opportunity to engage in conversations about the mythological tales and historical events depicted on their treasured accessories.

Intriguingly, some handbags of the Renaissance era also played a role in conveying coded messages or symbols. These enigmatic designs allowed individuals to express their beliefs or political allegiances discreetly, as the Renaissance was a time of shifting ideologies and political intrigue. Owning such a handbag was not only a fashion statement but also a subtle way to be part of the intellectual and political discourse of the era.

As the Renaissance flourished, so did the cross-cultural exchange of ideas. The designs of handbags began to incorporate motifs from distant lands, reflecting the curiosity and fascination with the wider world. Intricate patterns inspired by Asian tapestries, Moorish tiles, and Byzantine mosaics added a touch of exoticism to these Renaissance accessories, further expanding the horizons of artistic expression.

The Renaissance handbag, in all its intricate and symbolic glory, served as a testament to the trans-formative power of art and fashion. It encapsulated the spirit of an era that embraced beauty, intellect, and exploration, while elevating handbags to more than just functional accessories. Today, these Renaissance masterpieces remain awe-inspiring examples of how fashion can transcend its practical purpose, becoming a canvas for creativity and cultural expression throughout the ages.

From Functional to Fabulous - Modern Handbag Evolution.

As the 19th century roared on, industrialisation and urbanisation brought about profound changes that significantly impacted handbag design and usage. The demands of modern life called for more practical and versatile accessories, and handbags rose to the occasion. With the emergence of railroads and public transportation, women needed compact yet functional bags to carry their belongings while navigating bustling cities.

As the 19th century progressed, handbag designs continued to evolve in response to changing fashion trends and social norms. The Victorian era, known for its love of ornamentation and etiquette, saw handbags adorned with intricate bead work, embroidery, and lace. These ornate designs not only served as fashionable accessories but also reflected the status and refinement of their owners.

The turn of the 20th century marked a pivotal moment for handbag design. Innovations in manufacturing techniques and materials allowed for the mass production of handbags, making them more accessible to a broader range of people. Brands like Hermes and Chanel began introducing handbags made from durable materials such as leather, revolutionising the handbag industry.

In the 1920s, the iconic Flapper style influenced handbag design, with sleek, beaded purses becoming all the rage. These Art Deco-inspired bags perfectly complemented the liberated spirit of the era and were often paired with the stylish flapper dresses and bobbed hairstyles.

The mid-20th century witnessed the rise of prominent fashion houses like Gucci, Prada, and Louis Vuitton, who became synonymous with luxury and exquisite craftsmanship. Their innovative designs and signature logos transformed handbags into coveted status symbols for fashion-conscious individuals worldwide.

In more recent times, handbag design has become a playground for creativity and experimentation. Designers draw inspiration from various art movements, cultures, and even pop culture to create unique and eye-catching pieces. From unconventional shapes and materials to bold colours and patterns, handbags have evolved into daring statements of individuality and style.

Handbags and Hollywood - A Glamorous Love Affair.

During the golden age of Hollywood, handbags emerged as more than just accessories; they became iconic symbols of glamour and sophistication, thanks to the stylish movie stars who flaunted them on the silver screen. Picture yourself transported back to the enchanting era of classic cinema, where the stars of the silver screen exuded elegance and charm.

Grace Kelly, the epitome of grace and poise, enchanted audiences with her role in the film "To Catch a Thief." As she strolled the French Riviera, her arm adorned with the iconic Hermès Kelly bag, she personified timeless elegance. The handbag, originally designed in the 1930s and later renamed in her honour, perfectly complemented her refined style and became forever associated with the actress turned princess.

Similarly, the unforgettable Audrey Hepburn charmed audiences in "Breakfast at Tiffany's" with her portrayal of the iconic Holly Golightly. In one of the most iconic scenes, she stepped out of a yellow taxi, wearing her little black dress and sporting her beloved Louis Vuitton Speedy handbag. The compact yet chic design of the Speedy mirrored her character's independent spirit and captured the hearts of audiences worldwide.

Hollywood's fascination with handbags extended beyond the silver screen. Off-screen, starlets and fashion icons like Elizabeth Taylor, Marilyn Monroe, and Grace Kelly herself, embraced these accessories, often setting new trends with their choices. Celebrities became trendsetters, and the handbags they carried quickly became coveted items for fashion enthusiasts everywhere.

The Hollywood effect on handbag popularity was not confined to American audiences alone; it reached fashion-conscious individuals around the globe. Movie-goers and fans worldwide sought to emulate the style of their favourite Hollywood stars, and the handbags they carried became must-have items for those aspiring to exude sophistication and timeless beauty.

The influence of Hollywood continues to resonate even in the modern fashion landscape. Brands collaborate with celebrity endorsers to create limited-edition handbag collections, and red carpet events are closely watched by fashion enthusiasts eager to spot the latest designer accessory.

The golden age of Hollywood forever transformed the perception of handbags from mere functional items to coveted symbols of elegance and style. Even today, as we carry our own handbags, we can't help but be inspired by the timeless glamour of those Hollywood icons, who turned these fabulous accessories into objects of desire, enchanting fashionistas worldwide.

Fashion Powerhouses and Famous Handbag Carriers.

In the ever-evolving landscape of the 20th and 21st centuries, handbags solidified their status as the ultimate symbols of luxury and prestige. Renowned fashion houses like Gucci, Prada, and Dior emerged as trendsetters, redefining the world of handbag design with their innovative visions.

Gucci, founded in 1921 in Florence, Italy, became synonymous with opulence and sophistication. The brand's interlocking G logo and iconic double-G monogram adorned their handbags, creating instantly recognisable pieces coveted by fashion enthusiasts worldwide. Gucci's creative directors, such as Tom Ford and Alessandro Michele, infused their collections with artistic flair and a touch of rebellion, making each handbag a statement of self-expression and daring elegance.

Prada, founded in 1913 by Mario Prada in Milan, Italy, established itself as a force of modern luxury. The brand's minimalist yet daring designs became a hallmark of sophistication, attracting a loyal following of fashion-forward individuals. Prada's nylon handbags, first introduced in the late 1970s, revolutionised the industry, showcasing how high-fashion and functionality could seamlessly coexist.

Dior, founded in 1946 by Christian Dior in Paris, France, the brand's Lady Dior bag, created in 1995, quickly became an iconic accessory, carried by celebrities and fashion influencers alike. Dior's handbags exude timeless elegance, celebrating the French fashion house's storied history while embracing contemporary trends.

In the realm of popular culture, celebrities and fashion icons played a significant role in elevating handbags to essential fashion statements. Victoria Beckham, formerly known as Posh Spice from the Spice Girls, transitioned into a renowned fashion designer and style icon. Her love for Birkin and Hermès handbags catapulted these iconic pieces to new heights of desirability, with waiting lists for these exclusive creations stretching for years.

Sarah Jessica Parker, immortalised for her role as Carrie Bradshaw in the TV series "Sex and the City," cemented the importance of handbags in the hearts of fashion enthusiasts. Carrie's penchant for luxury labels and eclectic handbags showcased how these accessories could become integral to a character's personality and style, inspiring real-life fashionistas to embrace their uniqueness through their handbag choices.

The Duchess of Cambridge, Catherine Middleton, introduced a touch of royal elegance to the handbag world. Her affinity for classic and sophisticated pieces from British brands like Mulberry and Alexander McQueen created a surge in popularity for these labels and demonstrated how a well-chosen handbag could elevate any outfit.

Queen Elizabeth II has been known for her steadfast devotion to carrying a handbag during her public engagements. While the exact reason is not officially confirmed, it is believed that the handbag serves as a discreet means of communication with her staff. The Queen reportedly uses certain handbag placements or gestures to signal her aides when she wishes to conclude a conversation or move on to the next engagement. This subtle communication method has become a hallmark of her royal etiquette, and her choice of handbags has evolved into an iconic part of her regal image.

The impact of these designers and fashion icons reverberates in the fashion industry to this day. Handbags have become more than just accessories; they are status symbols, investment pieces, and tangible reflections of personal style. The ever-evolving landscape of luxury handbags continues to captivate fashion enthusiasts, inspiring new trends and defining the essence of timeless elegance for generations to come.


And there you have it, my fellow fashion enthusiasts - a whirlwind journey through the fascinating history of handbags! From the humble pouches of ancient times to the luxury powerhouses and iconic carriers of today, handbags have evolved into much more than just functional accessories; they are cultural symbols of style, status, and self-expression.

As we step into the 21st century, handbags continue to evolve and adapt to the fast-paced, ever-changing world of fashion. From practical crossbody bags for on-the-go urbanites to exquisite evening clutches fit for red-carpet events, handbags have truly come a long way since their humble beginnings as simple pouches. They are now essential fashion accessories that not only carry our belongings but also express our personalities, making a statement wherever we go.

So, the next time you reach for your beloved handbag, remember the remarkable journey it has travelled, and let it inspire you to carry the world in style!

Until our next time, Happy sewing and may your bobbin always be full.

81 views0 comments


bottom of page